Human-wildlife Conflict is defined as any interaction between humans and wildlife that negatively impacts humans’ social, economic or cultural life, the conservation of wildlife populations, or the environment. Generally, Human-Wildlife Conflict, caused by competition for natural resources between humans and wildlife, influences human food security and the well-being of humans and animals. In many regions, these conflicts have increased in recent decades due to human population growth and the transformation of land use. Human-elephant Conflict happens across the world where humans settle near elephant habitats. Dr PS Easa has been studying elephants for the past 40 years and has worked with many governmental and non-governmental organisations across India to understand and mitigate the conflicts. On this World Elephant Day, Dr PS Easa is giving an overview of human-elephant conflicts in India.