The Munnar Wildlife division includes Eravikulam National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, and the Shola National Parks. Among these protected areas, the Pambadum Shola National Park was formed in the year 2003 and has an area of just 11.69 km2. It is located in Devikulam taluk, Idukki, and lies in the eastern portion of the high ranges of the Southern Western Ghats. It is a watershed area for the streams that supply water to the Vattavada valley.
The importance of the National Park lies in the Shola ecosystem that supports a significant population of locally endemic species. Therefore, it serves as a field laboratory for conservation education and research. Additionally, Pambadum Shola National Park forms a corridor between Kannan Devan Hills and the Palani Hills of Tamil Nadu and is contiguous with Anamala Tiger Reserve, Eravikulam National Park, and Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary.